Acne or pimple, known medically as pimples, represents the most prevalent skin concern globally. Its onset can occur during the ages of 13 to 14 and persist until around 30 years old. The emergence of acne is triggered by the obstruction of hair follicle openings, caused by the accumulation of dead skin cells and excessive oil secretion from glands influenced by hormones. Symptoms of acne encompass a spectrum, ranging from simple comedones to painful nodules and cysts.

While milder cases of acne can be managed with at-home remedies and topical acne creams, more severe instances often necessitate a multifaceted approach involving acne creams, antibiotics, and oral isotretinoin. Despite its commonality, the prevalence of myths and misconceptions regarding acne is pervasive, often resulting from limited access to accurate information for patients. These misconceptions can impede individuals in their quest for clear skin.

What is Acne or Pimple?

What is Acne or Pimple?

Acne or pimple, the most prevalent skin concern, is the medical term for pimples. It can manifest once or repeatedly between the ages of 13 and 30. The development of acne is attributed to the obstruction of hair follicle openings by dead skin cells and an excess secretion of oil by oil glands, influenced by hormonal factors. Symptoms of acne can vary from simple comedones to painful nodules and cysts. Mild and infrequent acne can often be managed with home remedies and over-the-counter acne creams.

However, severe acne may require a combination of acne creams, antibiotics, and oral isotretinoin. Despite its common occurrence, misconceptions and myths persist due to limited accessible information, which can impede individuals’ efforts to achieve clear skin. Looking for an acne treatment? Book an appointment with La Derma Skin Clinic (Best Dermatologist in Kolkata) offers advanced acne treatment at affordable rates.

Acne or Pimple Causes

Acne or Pimple Causes:

Four fundamental mechanisms contribute to the formation of acne:

  • The shedding of regular skin or hair cells.
  • Overproduction of sebum, an oily secretion from the sebaceous glands that moisturize the skin and hair.
  • The inflammation arises due to an excess of bacterial growth.
  • Hormonal fluctuations play a role in this process.

How are hormones linked to acne?

The sebaceous glands exhibit great sensitivity to hormones. The hormonal shifts experienced during adolescence trigger an enlargement of these glands, leading to heightened sebum production. Infrequently, women’s hormone equilibrium can be disrupted by an underlying medical condition called polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). Hormonal acne tends to be more prevalent among women. Additionally, women above the age of 30 commonly experience acne flare-ups before menstruation (menstrual acne).

Acne or Pimple Symptoms

What are the symptoms of acne or pimple?

Signs of acne or pimple appearing on your skin encompass:

  • Pimples (pustules): Bumps filled with pus (papules).
  • Papules: Small, discolored bumps, often in shades of red, purple, or darker than your natural skin tone.
  • Blackheads: Blocked pores with a darkened surface.
  • Whiteheads: Blocked pores with a pale top.
  • Nodules: Substantial lumps beneath the skin that induce pain.
  • Cysts: Painful sacs filled with fluid (pus) beneath the skin.
  • Acne’s manifestation can range from mild with occasional pimples, to moderate with inflamed papules. In severe cases, acne leads to the development of nodules and cysts.
Acne or Pimple Types

What are the types of acne or pimple?

  • Whiteheads (pores that are plugged and closed)
  • Blackheads (pores that are plugged and open)
  • Papules (small red bumps that are tender)
  • Pustules (pimples that contain pus at the tip, originating from papules)
  • Nodules (sizeable, solid, and painful lumps beneath the skin’s surface)
  • Cystic lesions (painful lumps beneath the skin’s surface filled with pus)

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    In our clinic, acne treatment is consistently administered by highly skilled medical doctors, following stringent guidelines and protocols to guarantee your safety.

    Acne forms when the hair follicles become blocked by a combination of dead skin cells and excess oil, resulting in the formation of comedones. These comedones can become inflamed, leading to the emergence of papules, pustules, nodules, and cysts. This process is primarily influenced by hormonal fluctuations.

    Apart from hormones, certain dietary choices, stress, a lack of physical activity, the use of oily cosmetics, and daily skincare products can initiate or exacerbate acne.

    The most common items are dairy products, particularly skimmed milk, foods with a high glycemic index, and whey protein supplements.


    Certainly, elevated doses of vitamin B12 can potentially lead to the development of acne or acne-like eruptions. Additionally, certain medications such as anti-tubercular drugs and phenytoin have been associated with the onset of acne.

    Certainly, there is no direct link between facial hygiene and acne. However, inadequate removal of dead skin cells can occasionally lead to the development of comedones.

    No, acne isn’t directly linked to the digestive system. However, persistent digestive issues can potentially disrupt the gut microbiota, which may, in turn, indirectly impact skin health and potentially contribute to acne.